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How do Fiber Optic Cables Work?

Nov. 29, 2021

What Is Fiber Optic Cable?

Fiber optic cable, also know as optical fiber cable, is a type of Ethernet cable which consists of one or more optic fibers that are used to transmit data. Fiber Optic Cables transmit communicating signals with pulses of light produced by small capsules or light-emitting diodes (LEDs).


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What Is Fiber Optic Cable Composed Of?

Fiber Optic Cables Suppliers tell you the cable includes a couple of strands of glass, each just slightly thicker than a human hair. The middle of each strand is known as the heart, which offers the pathway for light to travel. The center is surrounded by a coating of glass known as Twist that reflects light to prevent lack of signal and permit the light to pass through bends in the cable.


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Fiber Optic Cable Types

The two key kinds of fiber wires are known as single style and multi-mode fiber. Single mode fiber utilizes quite thin glass strands along with a laser to create mild while multi-mode fibers utilize LEDs.

 

How Does Fiber Optic Cable Work?

Actually, light travels down a fiber optic cable by bouncing repeatedly off the walls. The fiber core and the cladding bend the incoming light at a certain angle with their own refractive index. When light signals are sent through the fiber optic cable, they reflect off the core and cladding in a series of bounces, which a process called total internal reflection.

 

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